38And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. You may read Exodus 2:11-25 here: Gateway Bible. 15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, 16 “When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” 17 But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but let the male children live. He is also told what the ultimate consequences of not letting the Hebrew people go. He had to have known about this act. Leviticus 5:1-13 - More Laws Regarding Sin Offerings When he did step in he gave them every chance to repent before he acted and even when he did act he didn’t do it before offering even the guilty a way of avoiding the actions including the Pharaoh himself. This plague was attacking hathor the goddess of love and protection who was depicted with a cow’s head. Pharaoh’s Heart was hardened and he refused to let the people go at all and this time threatened Moses with death if he came before him again. It looks forward to the birth of another saviour. The killing of the first-born stands out from all the other plagues as Divine retribution directed toward Pharaoh and all of Egypt. Joshua 2 9 And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you. An Egyptian pharaoh, who didn’t know Jacob’s powerful son Joseph, became intimidated by the increasing population of Israelites in Egypt and subjected them to slavery—and then ordered Hebrew midwives to kill any baby boy born to an Israelite woman. Finally it is just left to see if it is at all possible to work out just how many children were actually killed during this last plague. When faced with the statement all the firstborns it’s easy to conjure up images of the millions and millions of children throughout the world today, but that would be an inaccurate image. Who was the father of Joseph, Jacob or Heli? If we consider Amenhotep II as the Pharaoh of the Exodus, it was his eldest son, the brother of his successor (Thutmose IV) who was killed by the angel of death at the tenth plague.. 8And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God. Each plague sent by God is a direct attack on the gods of Egypt to prove that they were in fact powerless against him and that he will always triumph over the worldly gods. Another account is in Acts 7:17-42, part of the speech made by Stephen. Now it came to pass that both the Pharaoh and Joseph died and a new Pharaoh came to power, this Pharaoh did not know Joseph and his relationship with the Pharaoh of Joseph’s time. He saw that Joseph’s family the hebrews had multiplied greatly and in fact now outnumbered the Egyptians themselves. Anyone that put their faith in the Egyptian gods for protection would be faced with the consequences of that misplaced faith. 6And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. Would those very people who would say that God was immoral to act in the way that he did also say that had he not acted to save the Hebrew people and the slaughter of newborns then he would also have been immoral and they would by their own use of what was immoral would also be forced to say that it would have been and on that basis either way they would say that God was immoral.God enforces a people’s own morality , which was not based on his own morality back upon them. Glancing this way and that and seeing no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.” -Exodus 2:11-12. Now rather than administering the judgement that he promised he would indeed minister God instead gives Pharaoh 9 further opportunities to change his mind and let the Hebrews go. He expected them to return and continue on as slaves. And, in the bargain, she will receive immunity from pharaoh’s decree that all male Hebrew babies are to be killed. So we have had a quick overview as to why Israel was in Egypt in the first place. This God was not a God he was going to listen to. 31And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one. 18 So the king of Egypt called the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and let the male children live?” (Ex 1:18) Their lives are in danger. As this was only first borns and the average family would have been 4 children it is likely that that the first born would not be a baby , it is likely that there would in fact be many who were in the adult category who would have been the first born. The killing is subtle at first, and then much more blatant. War in Germany. Exodus 8-8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Entreat the LORD, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD. And the woman took the child, and nursed it. 17 Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river. Exodus 10- 3And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? Exodus 5-1 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness. There were then 9 demonstrations of God’s superior power against the gods of Egypt, there was a further warning of the judgement and a notification given of how to avoid that coming judgement for anyone had taken heed to this warning. Now the midwives didn’t do as they were commanded as they feared God.Â. Despite the overlap in style with the bulk of the non-Priestly plague account, in content, vv. At Rome, the rule was that infants were made away with, unless the father interposed, and declared it to be his wish that a particular child should be brought up. And once more Pharaoh is warned of the consequences of not releasing the Hebrews from bondage. 5 All the descendants of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt. 17And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. Exodus 9-18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Israel in the early chapters of Exodus was under the cruel rule of a king who feared God’s people. 8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. Aaron played key roles as Moses' spokesman and later as high priest. He is sure he can find a use for them. We are then told of the death of the Pharaoh who had inflicted the slavery and the infanticide.Â. Note that in verse 22, he adopts the "Rashi approach", based on the context of killing all males, even Egyptians. The judgement against the gods was not a punishment per se against the people of Egypt, there was no need for any of the plagues had Pharoah simply responded to the initial request to let the Hebrews go. Chizkuni (verse 16) - men were generally those involved in warfare, and Pharaoh was worried about the Jews joining in a war against Egypt. 10And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments. Would it not be expected of God to have stopped the atrocities that brought about the very judgement that God administered. The book of Exodus starts where Genesis left off. This was an attack on Isis the goddess of medicine and peace. 3And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink. They had clearly seen what he had done in the previous plagues and were now following his instructions, Exodus 9- 20He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses.But there were still people who didn’t take notice, Exodus 9-:21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field, After the plague came Pharaoh called to Moses and admitted his sin and wickedness. Basically engaging in a cull of the Hebrew people He ordered the Hebrew midwives to kill any new born baby boys from the Hebrew people. How will the midwives respond? Exodus 9- 28inTreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer. So Pharaoh was again warned before the judgement.And then the judgement was carried out.Exodus 8- 24And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah: 18 “A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and loud lamentation, Rachel weeping for her children; she refused to be comforted, because they are no more.”, 19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child’s life are dead.” 21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. And thus ensued a battle between God and the gods of the Egyptians. So the Pharaoh made the Hebrews slaves. Micah 1-7 As for me, I am filled with the Spirit of the LORD, with justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin, Amos 6-9 The Lord was standing beside a wall built with a plumb line, Genesis 48-50 Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh, Exodus 7-9 Though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, Pharaoh will not listen to you. 19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. Not much is known about the Pharaoh's life. Exodus 10- 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. 11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. The serpents of the sorcerers though were swallowed up by the serpent of Moses as a clear indication that the God of Moses was indeed a more powerful God, but Pharaoh hardened his heart. Through all of Israel’s history God’s promises are remembered and celebrated. Archelaus (Herod’s son) kills 3000. He wasn’t willing to let them go completely just allow them to go and worship for a period of time. 13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves 14 and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. We have seen the sorcerers themselves state that God of the Hebrews was in fact God and we have scriptural evidence that Egyptians were now following Moses and not the Pharaoh. So the Egyptians who joined with Israel were now able to be part of Israel. Being Pharoah disguises them from all of Noah's family, Noah died year 2006. Looking at the text in more detail we will see that the Pharaoh was actually embarking on a course of population control. 22-23 are in serious tension with its description of the tenth plague. The story of Moses starts in Exodus 2:1-10. Scripture doesn’t tell us much about Moses’ early years as the adopted son of Pharaoh’s daughter. All the Hebrew sons shall die. Copyright © Joshua Washington and thescripturesays, 2015. Exodus 1-22And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive. Pharaoh orders the Hebrew midwives, Shiphrah and Puah, to kill all the Jewish male babies at birth. 1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. The first plague was to demonstrate the lack of power of Hapi the Egyptian God of the Nile. (Mt 2:16–23). The midwives lie to Pharaoh. Pharaoh was given ample chance to do as he was requested. 3 B.C. This obviously was an abhorrent action and would have been a rather unpleasant way of dying literally worked not just to the point you were physically unable to do anymore but to the point that you actually died from the workload. Nobody loved them more than God. Why did God kill the firstborn children of Egypt? Pharoah is once again warned before the execution of this Plague. Ralbag (verse 22) - they assumed they could just marry the women and assimilate them (See Netziv) Exodus 9- 33And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth. We must also contrast this against the probable literally hundreds of thousands and maybe even as much as millions of deaths of the innocent Hebrew boys in the 120 years of killing newborn boys. If they respond truthfully Pharaoh will probably kill them and make sure the baby sons are killed. However, when we read this story, we automatically feel that the Pharaoh’s actions were a representation of the people as a whole. This again is after he has been warned of the ultimate consequence of his refusal. 10And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. Not to mention any of the hebrew people who had been worked and possible beaten to death while enslaved, God’s intention was to prove he was God and that the Egyptian Gods were useless…that people would come to him and accept him as God and ultimately find salvation.And we are told this is exactly what happened. Exodus is the story of salvation for the Jews. Their conscience rebels against Pharaoh’s command and they disobey him. So the children of Israel were now enslaved and also facing Pharaohs program of murdering every new born male child of the people of Israel. The Story of Moses in the Bulrushes . The Story of Moses in the Bulrushes . And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee. In what year of King Asa’s reign did Baasha die. 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women, for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife comes to them.” 20 So God dealt well with the midwives. You may read Exodus 2:11-25 here: Gateway Bible. So God begins with the 10 plagues of Egypt. Follow this saviour, he will lead you out of slavery. In the mind of pharaoh’s daughter, it is now her baby, but of course it is really Jochebed’s baby. God was showing that they were powerless and that God was the true God. But their fear of God is stronger than their fear of Pharaoh. after Joseph had his family moved to Egypt the pharoah that ruled at that time died and his son came to power the Hebrews were beginning to out number them so he put them to work as slaves hoping they woulnt increase in population more but they did anyway so pahroah had all of the newborn boys killed to prevent them from reproducing and by the way this is not the passover the passover is … This wasn’t aimed at the people of Egypt but against the gods that they worshipped and showing that they were in fact meaningless and inept to protect them. Moses had given people including the Egyptians ample notice of this coming judgement. She took a basket and fixed it so that no water would leak in. So there was darkness over the land of Egypt for 3 full days. They built for Pharaoh store cities, Pithom and Raamses. The following is from Rohl’s book, Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest: In the New Chronology, these Asiatics have to be the proto-Israelites. It must also be noted that reciprocal morality was part of Egyptian culture. Firstly it needs to be stated for anyone that isn’t aware of the story that this was actually plague number 10 of 10, it was the last plague that God sent to Egypt, there had been 9 previous plagues issued by God into Egypt before we even get to the deaths of the firstborns. before changing his mind after the plague had subsided. Possible date of the slaughter of the babies. This wasn’t acceptable to Moses who wasn’t willing that the Hebrew people should return to Egypt. Horrific, but straightforward, right? So the deaths of the first bornes could simply be attributed to the consequences of this reciprocal morality. And Pharaoh told Moses to talk to his God and tell him that he would now release the Hebrew people. Glancing this way and that and seeing no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.” -Exodus 2:11-12. 15For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. Contradiction? 32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. 13And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour. We cannot simply hide from the story or deny it, it is there for everyone to see clearly depicted in the bible. The golden rule of reciprocity, do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Exodus 1:15-22 - Pharaoh Tells The Midwives To Kill All Hebrew Baby Boys. Did Herod Kill the Children in Bethlehem? 9And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 10Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land. And went into exile. He is still faithful. And the pain that Pharaoh caused those families. Moses’ mother hid her baby until he was three months old, because she didn’t want him to be killed by the Egyptians. You cannot expect to engage in a 120 plus year enslavement of a people and to kill newborn after newborn without any repercussions and some kind of moral judgement falling upon you at some point. Exodus 10-20But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go. 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